Climate Summit in Paris has been an intense encounter to define the roadmap in the coming years regarding environmental strategies, which will be the medium term to mark the future of the planet in this area. Amid the proposals, objections and negotiations there are inspiring cases. Like Uruguay. The country has had its prominence these days after explaining the change of energy model that has taken place over the last decade.
Like many countries, Uruguay excessive depended on oil imports, especially from Argentina. In ten years he has managed to reverse this habit through collaboration between the public and private sectors, as well as a regulatory framework for renewable energies.
Currently the country gets 94.5% of its electricity from renewable energies, such as wind, solar and hydropower. Keep in mind that electricity is not the only energy requirement for a country, which in total, Uruguay is supplied by 55% from renewable sources. The other percentage corresponds mostly to transport, which runs on oil. Still, the Latin American nation is well above the global average, where only 12% of supply is generated by renewables.
Renewable energy in Uruguay have won such a big share because the country’s authorities have taken it as a financial business. Uruguay spokesman for the Climate Summit noted that the costs of construction and maintenance are low, so you just need to provide investors with a secure framework, so the capital injection is seen as an attractive opportunity.
Wind power may be the fastest growing in the last ten years. Uruguay is a country with a lot of wind and the mill facilities have been gradually spreading in the fields. To increase the attractiveness of these complexes, the government offered 20 years of electricity at a fixed price to the foreign investors who decided to build.
Renewables in Uruguay are also made up of biomass from agricultural surpluses, solar plants and hydroelectric facilities. But contrary to what you might think, new hydro plants have not been built for over two decades. The progress in recent years comes from other sources.
And the price of electricity has not risen or hasn’t been necessary to apply state subsidies. The nest country’s commitment is to reduce the share of oil in transport, the idea is to reduced it by 88% over the next two years. For the moment the country can congratulate itself for not importing electricity during the last three years. Further, last summer they sold a third of its electricity production to Argentina, who formerly it was purchased from them.